"There is no such thing to my mind as an innocent stockholder. He may be innocent in fact, but socially he cannot be held innocent. He accepts the benefits of the system. It is his business and his obligation to see that those who represent him carry out a policy which is consistent with the public welfare."

     — Louis Brandeis

There are several forms of shareholder engagement that endowments can undertake to address material investment risks, improve corporate sustainability performance and support policies that move society towards sustainability. These include:


An Overview of Shareholder Engagement Approaches and Issues for Endowments 

IEN Webinar: Proxy Voting and Shareholder Engagement for Endowments, February 2017


Proxy Voting

IEN Webinar Introduction to Proxy Voting, July 2016

Proxy voting can be a powerful tool for improving corporate performance on social and environmental sustainability issues to enhance long-term value.  Increasingly, stakeholders are calling for endowments to be more active owners, and many argue that doing so is a responsibility of fiduciaries. This webinar provides a basic overview of proxy voting, including: 

  • A recap of the 2016 proxy season (what were the big issues and results?) 

  • Mechanics of how to vote proxies (how do we do it?) 

  • Effectiveness of proxy voting (what impact does it have on companies and society?) 

  • Proxy voting by external managers (how can we have a say in proxy voting if we don’t own the shares directly?) 

  • Resources required for proxy voting (how much time and money will it require to do this?)

🔐Endowment proxy voting policies, principles, and activities 


Dialogue with Fund Managers

The Intentional Endowments Network's "Engaging Investment Managers on Proxy Voting & Other Forms of Shareholder Engagement" document outlines potential questions for investment managers on their proxy voting and other shareholder engagement activities around ESG. To signal your endowment’s commitment to sustainability, your institution can share a list of questions, such as the one provided below, with both managers and advisors. Sharing your questions and interest in writing at the beginning of the dialogue will allow your managers and advisors an opportunity to prepare for an informed conversation on engagement. 



The 2018 Asset Manager Climate Scorecard provides information on how fund managers voted on a number of climate- and governance-related resolutions.






Shareholder Resolutions

ICCR Guide to Filing Resolutions (pdf), 2017.

Ceres tracks shareholder resolutions filed by their investor network participants on sustainability-related issues that companies are facing, focusing on climate change, energy, water scarcity, and sustainability reporting. On Ceres' website, you can sort resolutions by filer, company, issue and more, and get information about the resolution, including full resolution text, status, vote count and supporting memos: Ceres' Shareholder Resolutions Database.

PRI's Collaboration Platform: is a private platform for PRI signatories to collaborate and enhance their impact on a range of global engagement initiatives including invitations to sign joint letters to companies, opportunities to join investor-company engagements on specific ESG themes and requests for support for upcoming shareholder resolutions.


Sign-on opportunities

Investor groups coordinate public statements or letters in support of various initiatives or policies related to sustainability, environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues, and other materials investment considerations. An updated list of ongoing sign on opportunities are available here.



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