The Road to Paris – Global Companies Speak Out
Calling for Action on Climate Change
Compiled by Trudy Pham & Timothy Smith – Walden Asset Management
Discussions about the importance of the Conference of the Parties (COP) and the decisions to be made in Paris on climate change have reached a new level of intensity.
Investors, governments, environmental organizations, NGOs and companies are all part of the global buzz about COP. Recently, the Governor of Bank of England, Mark Carney, in a major address, asserted that the warming climate presents major risks to the global economy and global financial stability. He called climate change “the Tragedy of the Horizon” (think Tragedy of the Commons), and urged more disclosure of carbon emissions. Quotes from his speech included “recommending to the G20 summit that more be done to develop consistent, comparable, reliable and clear disclosure around the carbon intensity of different assets.”
“Companies would disclose not only what they are emitting today, but how they plan their transition to the net-zero world of the future. The G20 – whose member states account for around 85% of global emissions – has a unique ability to make this possible,” said Carney.
A significant portion of expanding discussions over the urgency of climate policy is coming from banks, food giants, and utilities companies, among others.
Individual companies, companies working together in associations, and specifically crafted coalitions have issued statements with different messages but all focused on the urgency of addressing climate change with specific plans.
We believe that these business voices play a very vital role in demonstrating to our economy and markets the importance of dealing urgently with climate change.
Currently, some business organizations such as the U.S. Chamber of Commerce are actively campaigning against the EPA’s “Clean Power Plan”. They argue the “business case” against the Plan while implying this is the voice of the business community at large. More than ever, it is critical that diverse businesses acknowledge the reality of climate change, and volunteer to take their own leadership to tackle this phenomenon.
Some of these actions occurred with the leadership of Ceres, the White House, or other business climate coalitions; others are self-initiated.
On July 27, 2015, in support of the Obama Administration’s Climate Action Plan, 13 of the largest companies from across the American economy launched the American Business Act on Climate Pledge: Alcoa, Apple, Bank of America, Berkshire Hathaway Energy, Cargill, Coca-Cola, General Motors, Goldman Sachs, Google, Microsoft, PepsiCo, UPS, and Walmart. According to the White House press release, “The President’s Climate Action Plan, when fully implemented, will cut nearly 6 billion tons of carbon pollution through 2030, an amount equivalent to taking all the cars in the United States off the road for more than 4 years.” The pledge voices support for a strong outcome in the Paris climate negotiations.
On August 3, 2015, President Obama and EPA announced the Clean Power Plan – a comprehensive regulatory effort to tackle climate change by curbing carbon emissions from existing power plants across the 50 U.S. states, tribes, and territories. According to Forbes, soon after the final rule was released, 365 businesses, ranging from small local companies to iconic Fortune 500 brands, voiced their support for the rule, sending letters to 29 state governors to advocate for the “wide-ranging benefits of energy efficiency and renewable energy as the best way to meet the EPA’s goal of reducing power plant carbon pollution by 32 percent by 2030.” “Our support is firmly grounded in economics reality,” wrote the businesses, including industry giants such as General Mills, Mars, Nestlé, Staples, Unilever, and VF Corporation. This event was coordinated by Ceres, a non-profit organization advocating for sustainability leadership by working with companies, investors, and the environmental community.
Mindy Lubber, President of Ceres, said in a press release on July 31, 2015: “More than ever, businesses and investors are waking up to the threat of climate change and the urgency for low carbon solutions that make strong economic sense. The Clean Power Plan speaks to these growing business concerns by providing certainty and flexibility in building their own clean energy strategies.”
In the same release, a diverse group of companies and investors also expressed their support for the Obama Administration’s Plan. “The Clean Power Plan will enable us to continue to invest in clean energy solutions and further advance our greenhouse gas reduction goals,” said Letitia Webster, Senior Director of Global Sustainability at VF Corporation, a North Caroline-based apparel company whose brands include the North Face, Timberland and Reef.
“Implementation of the Clean Power Plan will enable us to further meet our energy goals by providing more predictable energy supply options,” said Mark Buckley, Vice President of Environmental Affairs at Staples.
“By providing investors with more stable incentives, the President’s Clean Power Plan represents a once-in-a-generation opportunity to curtail greenhouse gas emissions and accelerate a just transition away from fossil fuels and toward a clean energy economy,” said NYC Comptroller Scott Stringer, trustee for the City’s $160 billion pension system.
On a state-level, later in the month of August, Symantec, Levi Strauss & Co., Mars, Dignity Health, and Autodesk joined dozens of companies in supporting California’s Sweeping Climate Change Bills (SB 32 and SB 350). “Moving ahead with these bills will solidify California’s stake as a global leader in addressing climate change," added Anna Walker, Senior Director for Global Policy and Advocacy for Levi Strauss & Co., headquartered in San Francisco. "SB 32 and SB 350 will not only help our state advance its climate change goals—which are critical to the long-term prosperity of California businesses, residents and the environment—they will also help our state continue to do one of the things it does best – innovate.” The amended bill (SB 350) was signed by Governor Brown in October 2015.
On October 1, 2015, Ceres coordinated a bipartisan briefing in Washington, D.C., bringing together members of both Democratic and Republican parties and a half-dozen food industry executives on discussion over climate change. Representative Chris Gibson, a New York Republican, when asked about the reality of climate change, said “this is not a Democratic or Republican issue. […] It is an American issue. It is a human issue. I mean, if conservation isn’t conservative, then words have no meaning at all.” During the meeting, Gibson also drew attention to a recent letter signed by CEOs of major food and beverages companies, including Ben & Jerry’s, Clif Bar, Dannon USA, General Mills, Kellogg Company, Mars, Nestlé USA, New Belgium Brewing, Stonyfield Farm and Unilever. Acknowledging that “climate change is bad for farmers and for agriculture,” the letter announced three commitments these corporate leaders are making to each other, to their government, and to the world:
• Re-energize our companies’ continued efforts to ensure that our supply chain becomes more sustainable, based on our own specific targets;
• Talk transparently about our efforts and share our best practices so that other companies and other industries are encouraged to join us in this critically important work;
• Use our voices to advocate for governments to set clear, achievable, measurable and enforceable science-based targets for carbon emissions reductions.”
The first week of October also witnessed a joint statement signed by six major U.S. banks (Bank of America, Citi, Goldman Sachs, JPMorgan Chase, Morgan Stanley, and Wells Fargo). The banks called for “leadership and cooperation among governments for […] a strong global climate agreement,” emphasizing that regulating the costs of carbon is an important instrument to “drive innovation in low carbon energy, and create jobs.”
Joining the climate policy discussions, on October 11, 2015, CEOs and Chairmen of 11 companies that generate one-third of the world’s electricity signed a letter to governments urging priorities for low carbon energy starting with "secure, stable, clear, consistent and long-term policies." The signers, all members of Global Sustainable Electricity Partnership (GSEP), did not specify their ideal policies, but mentioned “carbon pricing or regulation or any other way to incentivize investments, operations and innovations”. This, in fact, aligns with the statements by the seven major US banks earlier in the week. GSEP includes American Electric Power, State Grid Corp. of China, Électricité de France, Eletrobras, ENEL, EuroSibEnergo, Hydro-Québec, Iberdrola, Kansai Electric Power Company, RusHydro and RWE.
Earlier this summer, six leading European oil companies, namely BG Group, BP, Eni, Royal Dutch Shell, Statoil and France's Total, delivered to the climate chief at United Nations a joint letter calling for carbon emissions pricing. The chief executives of these global oil producers collectively said carbon pricing "would reduce uncertainty and encourage the most cost-effective ways of reducing carbon emissions widely." They called on governments and the UN for a carbon pricing system and an international framework to eventually connect nations on this issue.
Hot off the press: On October 16th, 2015, all 10 members of the Oil and Gas Climate Initiative (OGCI), including the six companies in the aforementioned letter to the UN, put out a public declaration that “express our collective support for an effective global climate change agreement.” These companies acknowledged that they have taken significant actions to reduce their own GHG footprint, but will be committed to playing their part by continuing to “collaborate in a number of areas, with the aim of going beyond the sum of our individual efforts.” These areas include Efficiency, Natural gas, Long-term solutions, Energy access, and Partnerships and multi-stakeholder initiatives.
In the run-up to November’s G20 leaders’ summit and the following UN climate talks in Paris in December, more and more institutional investors are also joining force with major corporations in putting their weight behind major campaigns stressing the importance of energy efficiency.
Investors representing some $2.7 trillion in assets expressed in the G20 Energy Efficiency Investor Statement the need to embed energy efficiency into their investment process. This Statement has been signed and endorsed by the UN Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI), The Principles for Responsible Investment (PRI), and Ceres, and will commit signatories to embedding energy efficiency into the evaluation of companies. Meanwhile, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and UNEP FI co-organized the “Alliance of Energy Efficiency Financing Institutions,” whose 70 banks members noted that they are “willing to work with” institutional and public financiers to deploy climate finance to their clients.
On a separate note, nine major companies, including Johnson & Johnson, Procter & Gamble, Starbucks, Walmart and Goldman Sachs, are expected to join RE100, committing to 100% renewable power. RE100 is a global initiative led by The Climate Group in partnership with CDP, and is supported by the We Mean Business coalition. A handful has already reached their 100 percent target; while others are setting aggressive interim goals to convert to renewable energy.
11. The Trillion Tonne Communiqué on setting ceiling for global CO2 emissions
Gaining momentum in international space is the Trillion Tonne Communiqué, published by the Prince of Wales’s Corporate Leaders Group, a group of UK, EU and international progressive businesses who believe that there is an urgent need to develop new and longer term policies for tackling climate change. The Trillion Tonne Communiqué, set to limit the carbon emitted from manmade CO2 in order to limit global warming to less than 2°C, draws out three clear goals for a policy framework to keep cumulative emissions below a trillion tonnes. Over 1,000 companies from more than 60 countries have signed up to at least one previous Communiqué, including Nestlé, Cisco, Shell, Diageo, Unilever, PepsiCo, Mars, etc.
Most recently, on October 11, 2015, an article titled “Utilities Embrace Carbon Rule” appeared in the Business News column of The Wall Street Journal, discussing the rationale of utilities companies to “comply, rather than contest” the Obama Administration’s new rule limiting carbon emissions from power plants. Dominion Resources Inc. in Virginia, Dynegy Inc. in Houston, and Ohio’s FirstEnergy Corp. are among electricity producers featured in this story. The new regulations, the author remarked,
“just add certainty to move away from relying on coal to generate electricity, turning instead toward cheap natural gas as well as renewable energy, which is available at increasingly lower cost.”
1. American Business Act on Climate Pledge. July 27, 2015
2. Ceres’s President on why Corporate America is Supporting EPA's Clean Power Plan. August 3, 2015.
3. 365 Companies and Investors Announce Support for EPA’s Clean Power Plan. July 31, 2015.
4. California’s Sweeping Climate Change Bills. August 25, 2015.
5. Food industry executives call on Congress for climate change action. October 1, 2015.
6. Bank Statement on Climate policy. September 28, 2015.
7. Electricity firms CEOs urge clear policies for low-carbon shift. October 11, 2015.
8. Europe's top oil firms jointly call for carbon pricing. June 1, 2015.
9. G20 Energy Efficiency Investor Statement. October 12, 2015.
10. The RE100: Global initiative committing to 100% renewable power. Launched in Climate Week NYC 2014.
12. Utilities companies embrace Obama’s Administration’s “Clean Power Plan”. October 11, 2015.
13. Governor of Bank of England’s address on Climate change. September 29, 2015.
14. Oil & Gas Climate Initiative Joint Collaborative Declaration. October 16, 2015.